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    Accountant jointly liable for underpayments.

    The Federal Circuit Court of Australia has held that an accounting firm was accessorily liable for underpayment of its client's employees. The accounting firm now faces penalties of up to $54,000 per contravention for seven breaches of the Fair Work Act. This decision clearly illustrates that third parties may be found accessorily liable for contraventions of the Fair Work Act by an employer, such as underpayments to employees.

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    Savvy Human Resources Employee Relations Accountant Liable


    The Fair Work Ombudsman (FWO) commenced underpayment proceedings against the employer and the accounting firm it had engaged to provide payroll and bookkeeping services. The FWO submitted that the accounting firm was involved in the underpayments and was accessorily liable under section 550 of the Fair Work Act.

    The FWO argued that the accounting firm had information about the modern award that applied to the employees, the employees' working hours and their hourly rates of pay and knew that the workers were being paid below the minimum prescribed by the applicable Award, however it took no steps to address these risks with the employer.

    The accounting firm denied it had knowledge of the employer’s contraventions or that it was an intentional participant in the contraventions by the employer.

    Part of the accounting firm's defence was that it simply compiled the payroll on the client's instructions. The accounting firm also submitted that the work was performed by a bookkeeper who was unfamiliar with the applicable Award and, while the director of the firm knew generally about award obligations, he was not involved in the provision of services to the employer.

     In finding the accounting firm liable as an accessory, the Court noted that the firm had all the necessary information that confirmed the failure by the employer to meet its obligations under the modern award. The Court found that despite this, the accounting firm persisted with processing the employer's payroll which inevitably led to the underpayments.

    The Court found that the director of the accounting firm exercised overriding control over the firm and was ‘wilfully blind’ to the risk and existence of underpayments.

    Tips for Employers

    This decision clearly illustrates that third parties may be found accessorily liable for contraventions of the Fair Work Act by an employer, such as underpayments to employees. Examples of those found to be involved in contraventions have included Directors, day-to-day business managers, HR advisors, service providers (such as accountants) franchisors and businesses in a supply chain.

    In order to avoid this risk, employers should:

    • be vigilant in monitoring employees’ pay rates and employment conditions;
    • conduct frequent checks for potential discrepancies; and,
    • ensure that those involved in setting remuneration and processing payroll are fully informed of the employer’s obligations under the Fair Work Act.

    Those who provide advice in relation to pay and conditions need to be familiar with relevant minimum terms and conditions of employment to ensure compliance and take prompt action if errors are discovered.

    Personal liability of individuals for breaches of the Fair Work Act.

    Section 550 of the Fair Work Act imposes liability on a person who is ‘involved’ in a contravention of a civil remedy provision.

    A person is involved if the person:

    1. has aided, abetted, counselled or procured the contravention; or
    2. has induced the contravention, whether by threats, promises or otherwise; or
    3. has been in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in or party to the contravention; or
    4. has conspired with others to effect the contravention.

    An involved individual can still be liable even if they were not specifically aware that their conduct constituted a breach of the FW Act.

    An individual found to have contravened the Act is also exposed to an order for compensation for the loss that an employee has suffered because of the contravention. The maximum penalty for an individual for breach of the general protections provisions is currently $10,800 ($54,000 for a company).

    This is another case that highlights the importance of ensuring that any service providers (such as accountants or bookkeepers) engaged by the organisation also comply with their employment law obligations.

    About the author: Craig McFadden is the founding director of Savvy HR. Craig's clear, practical counsel and ability to influence others into action and to rethink traditional HR practices with a business oriented lens, has gained him credibility with CEOs and executive leaders and he is frequently called on to serve as a strategic partner with the primary focus of defining, building and influencing the talent within leadership teams to drive business objectives.

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    Craig McFadden's clear, practical counsel and strong influencing and relationship building skills have gained him credibility at both the executive and line manager level and he is frequently called on to coach managers through complex industrial relations issues, termination or redundancy matters, performance reviews or to prepare for discussions with difficult individuals and team members.

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